Family Sponsorship in Canada: A Journey of Love, Support, and Unity

Introduction: Canada’s family sponsorship program is a vital component of its immigration system, designed to reunite families and strengthen the nation both economically and on humanitarian grounds. Managed by the Department of Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), this program offers opportunities for eligible Canadian citizens and permanent residents to sponsor their family members for permanent residence. Despite challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic, the Canadian government has continued its commitment to family reunification. This guide will provide an overview of Canadian family sponsorship, eligibility criteria, and the application process.

  1. Canadian Family Sponsorship Basics:
    • Family sponsorship allows eligible individuals to bring their family members to Canada and grant them permanent residence.
    • Sponsors commit to financially supporting their sponsored family members.
  2. Impact of COVID-19 on Family Sponsorship:
    • IRCC has increased staffing to reduce processing times.
    • A pilot project is underway to digitize paper applications for faster processing.
    • Biometric facilitation measures and remote applicant interviews are being explored.
    • Receiving Employment Insurance or CERB doesn’t disqualify sponsors.
  3. Who Can Be a Sponsor:
    • Sponsors must be Canadian citizens or permanent residents, 18 years or older, and capable of supporting the sponsored person.
  4. Who Can Be Sponsored:
    • Eligible family members for sponsorship include spouses, common-law partners, dependent children, parents, and grandparents.
    • Exceptions may apply for non-immediate family members, mainly if there are no immediate family members to sponsor or legally adopt a dependent child.
  5. Income Requirements for Sponsors:
    • Sponsors must sign a Sponsorship Agreement to provide financial support for basic needs.
    • Some sponsorships require meeting or exceeding the Low Income Cut-off (LICO) based on family size.
    • Quebec residents follow Quebec’s sponsorship requirements.
  6. Sponsorship Undertaking:
    • Sponsors sign an undertaking making them legally responsible for the sponsored family member.
    • The undertaking’s duration varies based on the sponsor’s relationship and age.
  7. Application Process:
    • Step 1: Ensure sponsor eligibility.
    • Step 2: Confirm eligibility of family members to be sponsored.
    • Step 3: Submit applications to IRCC at the federal level or MIFI in Quebec.
    • Step 4: Pay the family sponsorship application fee.
    • Step 5: Send the application to the correct address as per the sponsorship guide.

Family-Specific Sponsorship

Spouse or Common-Law Partner Sponsorship

  • Eligible sponsors can sponsor their legally married spouse or common-law partner.
  • Proving the genuine nature of the relationship is essential.
  • Inland and Outland application options are available.

Dependent Child Sponsorship

  • Sponsors can bring their dependent children to Canada as permanent residents.
  • Eligibility criteria include age and dependency status.
  • Proof of the sponsor’s relationship with the child is necessary.

Parents and Grandparents Sponsorship

  • Parents and grandparents can be sponsored through the Parent and Grandparent Sponsorship Program (PGP) or Super Visa Program.
  • Sponsor eligibility criteria include citizenship, age, and income requirements.
  • Co-signers can help meet income requirements.
  • The Super Visa Program offers extended multiple-entry visas.


Canadian family sponsorship is a cornerstone of the country’s immigration system, enabling the reunion of families on both compassionate and economic grounds. Despite the challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic, Canada remains committed to this program, making it possible for eligible sponsors to bring their loved ones to Canada and provide them with the opportunity for permanent residence. Understanding the eligibility criteria and the application process is essential for a successful family sponsorship journey.

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